金宝搏188足球官网

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        金宝搏188足球官网

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        金宝搏188足球官网ByLvWei,,2006Anationalinnovationsystemiscomposedoftheinteractingorganizationsparticipatingintheinnovationaswellastheexternalenvironment(,thefinancialsystem,educationalsystem,competingmodesandcorporateoperatingmechanism)thathasabearingontheinnovativeactivities;theinteractionofthecomponentsa,aninnovationsystemisnotnecessarilyasystemartificiallydesignedandconstructed,sInnovationSystemComparedwiththemajorinnovativecountriesintheworld,theexternalenvironmentofChina,andthegovernmentplaysanimportantroleindistributingvariousresources;theproportionofstate-ownedeconomyisstillfairlyhigh,andtheoperatingmechanismofstate-ownedenterprises(SOEs)andpublicinstitutionsisdifferentfromthatoftheprivateenterprisesunderthemarketcompetition;themarketmechanismisyettomature,thecapitalmarket,inparticular,isstillintheinitialstageofdevelopment,lmanagementsystem,therestructuringreformhasagreaterbearingontheinnovationsystemanddec,Chinaisabigcountryinteseconomyhavethefollowingcharacteristics:first,abigcountryintermsofthesizeofeconomy,,ChinassizeofGDPranksthefourthintheworld,anditsper-capitalevelofincomeisverylow,,thedomesticmarketishuge,,;ontheotherhand,Chinaisthethirdlargesttradingpoweranditsdependenceonimportsandexportsexceeds60%(withitsdependenceonexportsbeing30%~40%).Chinaisalsooneoft,therefore,Chineseenterpriseshavetocompetewithth,,theregionalgapindevelopmentandincomeishugewiththefactthatthedeveloped,developingandunderdevelopedregionscoexist,andtherefore,,thedevelopmentofhigh,mediumandlow-techindustriesisfairlybalanced,,oftheincrementalvalueofthemanufacturingindustry,theaddedvaluefrommediumtechnologyindustriesaccountedfor60%,thevalueoflow-techindustriesaccountedforabout25%,andthevalueofhigh-techindustriesaccountedforabout14%.Thehigh-techindustriesinthedevelopedcountriesusuallyaccountforahigherpercentage,whileinthedevelop,ChinasRDinputintensityislowerthanthosedevelopedcountriescharacterizedbyknowledge-intensiveindustries,,anditstechnologicaldevelopmentischaracteri,however,,thegrowthrateofChina,%ofitsGDP,,theproportionofinvestmentinbasicresearchandappliedresearchmaintainastablegrowth,,theannualaveragegrowthrateofthegrossoutputvalueofhigh-techindustrieswasashighas24%,andin2004,theexportsofhigh-techproductsaccountedfor28%,internationallycompetitiveenterpriseshasemerged,,assimilative/,thevolumeofprocessingexportsexceeds50%,andoftheexportsbyhigh-techindustries,morethan90%novationpolicies,,financialallocationfromthecentralfinanceforscienceandtechnologynearlydoubledthatintheyear2000,%and4%(SeeTable1).Thegrowthoffiscalallocationbylocalgovernmentsforscienceandtechnologywassimilartothatbythecentralgovernment,andthetotalamountofallocationbylocalgovernmentswasabout60%oftheallocationbythecentralgovernment,anditwas65% CompositionofExpensesforScientificandTechnologicalActivitiesLiuShijinTheissueoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinawasputf,ithasbecomeasignificantstrategicmovetospeedupthedevelopmentofChina’seconomyinarobustandsustainedwayandtoacceleratereadjustment,transfo,itisanoneroustasktoreadjust,,wecangettwicetheresultwithhalftheeffortandmakeagoodstartforsolvingtheproblem;ifnot,,TransformationandRevitalizationoftheOldIndustrialBasesinNortheastChinaUnderthenewcircumstances,readjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinaarenotonlytosolvethepopularproblemsexistinginlargestate-ownedenterprises,noronlytorevitalizetheequipmentindustry,,thefirsttaskistosumuptherelatedexperiencesandlessonsobtainedduringtheseyears,lookintowhichmeasuressucceededandwht,transformationandrevitalizationoft,itisnecessaryforreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinatosolvethepopularproblemsofthestate-ownedenterprises,andtodevelopnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomyandtheeconomymixingthe,thestate-ownedsectormakesupabigpartoftheeconomyintheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChina,,thefirsttaskofreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationistofacea,whenwelookforwardwithaviewofdevelopingthemarket-orientedeconomyandthinkonthebasisoftheexperienceofthedevelopedcoastalareasinthesoutheasternpartsofthecountry,wecancometoaconclusionthatwithoutvigorousdevelopmentofnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomy,themarketeconomyenvironmentcanhardlybecultivatedanortobecomeanimportantpartofthemarketeconomyandontheotherhand,tocreatejobopportunitiesforthoseworkerslaidoffasaresultoftransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,tocreatenewinvestorsandtoprovidesubstitutingfiscalrevenues(whenfiscalrevenuesfromstate-ownedenterprisesdecreased).Whenitcomestothetransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,non-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomydoesnotconst,ifthesituationinwhichthosestate-ownedenterpriseswithoutsubstantivetransformationtakethepredominantpositioncontinuetoremain,thatre,thecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernmentsoughttomakenecessaryinvestment,andthegovernments’investmentshouldbe,however,equipmentisold,,thegovernmentsoughttoincreaseinvestmentintechnologicalinnovationandembarkonsomenewprojectssoastoease,thegovernmentshadmadeconsiderableinvestmentinthepast,buttheresult(yieldingnoexpectedfruits)onomysystemandshortageofsupply,thegovernmentsincreasedinvestmentinenterprisescouldtakecertaineffect;aftertheenvironmentchangesasaresultofestablishmentofmarketeconomy,whatthestate-ownedenterpriseslackisnotmoney,,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesunderthenewcircumstancesarealsoaprocessoftransforminggovernments’,evenifthegovernmentsmakemoreinvestment,theexistingdifficultieswillnotbesolvedandwhatismore,theincreasedinvestmentwillconstituteanewburden,forminganunhealthycircleof"addingwaterwhenthereistoomuchflour;addingflourwhenthereistoomuchwater".Underthechangedcircumstances,itisnotthatthegovernmentsarenotwillingtoundertakeresponsibilityormakeinvestment,butthattheyareplanningtospendmoneyinreleasingstate-ownedenterprisesfromtheheavyburdensresultingfromhistoricalreasons,inpayingforthecos,trialprojectsonthereformofsocialsecuritysystem,diversionoflaid-offworkers,separatingsocialfunctionsfromenterprisesandliquidationofenterpriseswithoutcompetitivenesswerecarriedoutinLiaoningProvince,ttobe,thecentralgovernmentsandlocalgovernmentsoughttospendthemoneyontheimprovementofmechanismandthefund,whileweputtheemphasisonthedevelopmentofequipmentindustry,weshouldalsorialbasesinnortheastChinaanditisanindustrywithre,somerelevantdepartmentsandorganiztChina,theequipmentindustrywillremaintobe,wemustattachenoughimportancetothenewcharacteristicsofChina’,therehasbeenaphenomenonthatsomeind,itsproductioncentersusedtobelocatedmainlyinShanghai,,thesituationofthosestate-ownedtextileenterpriseslocatedinmanytextileindustrialcentersintheseregionsaswellasinthecountry’shinterlandsweredeteriorated,,thosenewburgeoningtextileenterpriseslocatedinJiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdongandotherprovincesboostedthedevelopmentofthecountry’stextileindustryrapidly,enablingChinatobecometheworld’,thatis,thosepowerhousemanufacturersofthesametypeofproducts,manufacturersofrelatedpartsandaccessoriesforthosepowerhousemanufacturersandtheenterprisesprovidingservicesfortheirassemblyaperation,andwiththeintensificationofdivisionofworkdaybyday,orproductionofrelatedparts,,alargenumberofenterprisesofthesameindustryassembleinoneregion,,not"industrialcluster".TimehasbecomeripeforChina’sequipmentindustrytodevelopinfullswing,butitremainsanuncertaintywhethertheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinacantakefullpacesofreformandopening,weshouldnoticethattheindustriallayoutoftheoldbasesintheregiontookshapeduringtheperiodoftheplannedeconomy,andastheindustriesformedundertheenforcementoftheplannedeconomymaynotcertainlyrepresentthelocalfavorablecharacteristics,’smore,overthetwodecadesofdevelopmentafterthereformandopeningup,theproductionelementsinandoutoftheregionhaveundergonegreatchangesan,wecansayapartfromthetraditionalequipmentindustryandotherheavyindustries,,weshouldattachimportancetotheequipmentindustry,someindustriesformerlyn...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

        金宝搏188足球官网,growingprosperityofthemainindustriesinChina’dents’consumptionstructurehavegenerallyshownamomentumofrapidgrowth,suchasautomobilemanufacturing,,,industriesthataredirectlyboundntainahigherlevelofprosperityandthereisfurtherspaceforthegrowth;,developmentoftheindustriesdirectlyrelatedtotheupgradingofconsumptionstructure,electroniccomponentsmanufacturingindustryandpapermakingandp,withtherapiddevelopmentoftheconsumergoodsindustries,driveofthedemandsintheupstreammanufacturingindustriesaswellasthedriveoftherelevantinvestmentwillbefurtherstrengthenedin2004;ontheotherhand,paceofglobalmanufacturingindustrymovingtoChinaiscontinua,thetrendofChina’industriesaschemicalindustry,mechanicalindustry,ironandsteelindustry,non-ferrousmetalsindus,andthefeatureof"heavyindustries",demandforenergiesandrawmaterialscausedbytherapiddevelopmentofheavyindustriesoncegaverisetoatensesituationofsupplyshortageintheareaofsteelproducts,rawmaterialsforchemicalindustryandelectricpower,andresultedinsoaringpricesformeansofproduction,,pricesoftheresourceproductsininternationalmarketwentup,sicenergiesandrawmaterials,suchasironore,,asitishardtospeedupremarkablythesupplyofrawmaterialsandtheexpansionofproductioncapacityoftheupstreamindustriesinashortperiodoftime,plustheproduction-limitingadjustmentbypartofthecountriesinconsiderationoftheresourceshortage,thereislittlepossibilityforevidentimproveme,pricesforrawmaterialswillremainatahigherl,ironandsteelindustry,petrochemicalindustry,rubbermanufacturi,computermanufacturingindustryandelectroniccomponentsanddevicesmanecomeprominentlyfierce,thepricesofcommunicationequipmenthavedroppeddrastically,thusleavingtheprospectsforthere,forecastshaveshownthat,undertheinfluenceoftheinvestmentcycleofthetelecommunicationsindustry,thecommunicationequipmentmanufacturingindustryislikelytoshowaowthofexportoverrecenttwoyearshasmadeChinaacountryltradebarrierstobeencounteredbyChina-madeproductswillincreasebydegreesandwillbringalotofnegativeinfluencesonChina’ustry,chemicalrawmaterialmanufacturingindustryandpartofdomesticelectricappliancesmanufacturingindustrByZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo143,’sBankInsuranceBankinsuranceingeneralreferstothefactthatthelifeinsurancecompaniesusethenetworkandcustomerresourceso,activelydevelopingbankinsurancecandiversifytheirservicecontents,ex,thebankscantakeadvantageofthecustomersoftheinsurancecompaniesandtapthepotentialofthereso,utilizingthevastoperatingnetworksofthebankstosellinsuranceproductscanreducetheirmarketingcostandexpandtheirmarketbytakniescanimproveoperatingefficiencyandproduce"win-win"resultsthroughresourcesharing,rashighas10percentofthe,thepremiumincomef,SpainandPortugal,’sHongKong,Singaporeandotherplaces,,bankinsurancehasalsodevelopedrapidlyandhasbecomeanimportantmarketingchannelforthelifeinsurancecompaniessincethe,thevolumeofbankinsurancebusinessa,itrecoveredvigorouslyattheendof2005,,ChinaLifeInsuranceCorporationsawitsbankinsurancebusinessrisingby121percentyear-on-yeturenatureofbankinsuranceinChinaandthefoundationfor,thebankagencychannelhasbecomeascarceresou,thebanksareinanadvantageouspositionan,theinsurancecompaniesalsohavetopayincentivefeestothebankinsurancesalespersonsandmanycommercialban,thebankagencyproductsoftheinsur,single-payment,participatingproducts,,theins,eensavingsandinsurance,andsomesalespersonsexaggeratetheyieldsofbankinsuranceproductsanduseerroneousyieldcalc,sarehandledmanually,theflowofinsurancepoliciesisslowandt,thecurrentcooperationbetweenbanksandinsurancecompaniesmainlyadoptsthemethodsof,suchasinquiry,contractsecurity,policyloan,policyamendmentandclaimssettlement,,ngmechanismsfortheircooperation;thebankshavenotyetincorporatedbankinsuranceoperationsintotheiroveralldevelopmentstrategies;theinsurancecompaniesmerelytakebankinsuranceasamarketingmode,emphasizeonthebrandeffectof,romeachother,therivalryfortheagencyoutletresourcesofthebanksbecomesanimportandoperationscansavetransactioncost,ndthefinancialinstitutionsspeeduptransformation,integratedoperationscanincreasethecompetitivenessofChina’,withthedeepeninginstitutionalrestructuringofChina’sstate-ownedcommercialbanksandtheimprovementoftheirinternalgovernance,thecommercialbanksareremoldingtheirmodeofprofitabilityan,,integrgementCompaniesbyCommercialBankswaspromulgatedin2005,,whichwasthefirstinsurancecompanyinChina’sbankingsector,,integratedoperationswillbecomeamaintrendinthedevelopmentofthefinancialindustry.

        LuZhongyuanResearchReportNo043,’sInvestment-ConsumptionRelationshipAnalyzingthefactorsaffectingthechangesintheinvestment-consumptionrelationshipisabsolutelynecessarytointerpretingthecausesandmech’incomeandtheupgradingofconsumptionstructureconstitutethefundamentalstartingpoi,residents’incomeinChina’surbanandruralareashasrisenrapidly,andclothingweremetbyfarmproduce,somepeoplehavemovedto,theEngel,,theEngelcoeffic’’consumptionandtheupgradingofthestructureofconsumptionhaveposedanobjectivedemandthattherateofendconsumptionshouldbeincreastionforalongtimeisinconsistentwiththegrowingdemandofthepeople’sco’sresidents’consumptiongrowthisstillenormousandthespaceforresidents’’srelativelyhighinvestmentrate,whilethedecliningdispositionofresidents’co,China’soverallsavingsrate(theproportionoftotalsavingsinthetotaldisposableincomeofallcitizens)stayedsteadilyaround40percent,farhigherthantheworld’,theoverallsavingsrateintheUnitedStateswas15percent,buttheresidents’,China’sinvestmentrateduringthesameperiodwasalsoabout40percentonaverage,whichwasalsofarhigherthantheworld’’soverallsavingscomefromresidents’,thehouseholdsectoraccountedfor53percent,,thefinancialinstitutio’stotalinvestment,,,thenon-financialenterprisesaccountedforashighas77percent,’stotalsavingsandthatofitstotalinvestmentshowsthatthehouseholdsectorwasthelargestfundingsurplussector,whichconstitutedthemostimportantfundingsourceoftheinvestmentbythecorporatesec’shighinvestmentrateisthehighlevelofdomesticsavings,especiallythehighresidents’ingapore,,’incomeisatagivenlevel,thehigherthedispositionofsavings(namelytheproportionofsavingsindisposableincome)is,thelowerthedispositionofconsumption(namelytheproportionofconsumptionindisposableincome)’dispositionofsavingsdeclinesandtheirdispositionofconsumptionrises,theinvestmentratewillfall,,theChinesepeople’sdispositionofconsumptionhasgraduallydeclined,,theaverageconsumptiondispositionofChina’,’consumptioncontinuestofallandthegrowthofconsumptionspendingcontinuestoslowdown,thedispositionofsavingswillbeinevitablytoohigh,whichwillhaveanegativeimpacton,acoordinatedchangeinthedispositionofresidents’savingsandconsumptionisofvitalimportancetorationalizingtherelationshipbetweeninvestmentandconsumption....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1GuoHao:AnAnalysisofChina’sCapitalFlow,ScienceofFinanceandEconomy,Issue4,:2003:China’sConsumptiononFastTrack,EconomicDaily,January21,2003.VNS足球外围ChengXiusheng,LiWei-an,QiAnbangandWangXiaomingResearchReportNo044,rviceModernenterprisesusuallyusethefollowingfourpatternsofdistributionservice:(1)Theclientself-servicepattern(firstpartydistributionservices).Withthispattern,a"self-sufficient"pattern,hardlysocializedandspecialized,hasloweconomicefficiency.(2)Thesupplierdistributionservicepattern(secondpartydistributionservices).Withthispattern,asupplierusesits,thisservicepatternhashigherlevelofsocializationthanthefirstpartyservicepattern,,itsservicetargetsremainlimitedwithintheclientsofthesupplier.(3),athirdpartyofdistributionserviceenterpriseotherthanthetwopartiesofatransactionusesitsdistributionservicefacilitiesandequipment,thethirdenterprisethatprovidedistributionservicesmustcarryoutoperationandcertainmanagementtasksfortheownerenefficiencyandresults.(4),integratedmanagementserviceofmoderndistributionprovidedbyafourthserviceparty(whichisneitherthetwotransactionpartiesnorthethirdparty)to,whichincludesystemdesignfordistributi,itssubcontractorsandquasidistributionenterprises,whichincludeintegrationofdistributionservices,transportationandoptimalstoragemanagement,distributionandclientservicemanagement,,thedevelopmentofsocialiseddistributionservicesgenerallyundergoesthefollowingstages:(1)ThestageoftraditionalserviceThisisapatternandstageofsocialiseddistribution,thesocialisationofse(2)ThestageofsocialisedmoderndistributionThi,aproviderofthethirdpartymaycarryoutmostofthedistributionoperationofaclient(productionorcirculation)enterprise.(3)Thestageofintegratedandsocializeddistributions,whilethethirdpartyprovidescomprehensivedistributionservicestocliententerprises,thenewspecialisedprovidersofintegratedservices(thefourthpartyofdistributionservice)providciety,andconsequentlyformthepanChina(1)Chinaisinaninitialstageoftransitionfromthetradititherearestillalargenumberofenterprisesthatprovidetraditionaldistributionserviceand"quasidistribution",thenumberofthiskindofdistributionenterprisesisdiminishing,whilethenumberegivinguptheirprevioussimplifiedser,manyenterprisesofthirdpartydistributionser,themanufacturingandcirculationenterprisescontinuetoadoptthefirstpartydistributionasthemainservicepatternatpresent,,whilethefourthpartyservicepatternisstillinthestageoftheoreticalstudyandpublicity.(2)Self-spossessandmaintaintheirowndistributionservicefacilitiesfortransportation,storageandhandling,whileself-sufficientserviceremainsthemajorsourceofdistributionservicesforindustrialandcommercialenterprises.

        ByHouYongzhiResearchReportNo191,2005StrengtheningtheconstructionofenergyandmajorrawmaterialsbasesandacceleratingthedevelopmentofcompetitivemanufacturingindustryisaninherentrequirementfortheriseofChina’allsignificanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregioninthenewperiod,analyzefavorableconditionsandrestrictingfactors,andputforwardsomestrategicproposalsforbuildingenergyandra’sEntryintoaNewPeriodofEconomicDevelopmentandOpeningupHighlightstheStrategicandOverallSignificanceofBuildingEnergyandRawMa’sentryintoanewperiodofeconomicdevelopmentsetsnewrequirementsfordevelopingtheenergy,rawmaterialsandmanufacturingsectorsFirst,theupgradingofconsumerdeman,theadvanceinindustrializati,thedemandforintermediateinputswillcontinuouslyrise’sentryintoanewperiodofopeninguprequiresasubstantialchangeinthemodeofChineseeconomicgrowthandinthestructureofitseconomyFirst,thenewperiod,andwhetheritcanachiev,increasingChina’sindustrialcapacityforindependentinnovationandimprovingthecountry’spositioninthedivisionoflaboringlobalindustrialchainsshouldbecomeast,,Chinamustpus’sentryintoanewperiodofopeningupanddevelopmenthighlightsthestrategicandoverallimportanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregionFirst,thecentralregionhasrichenergyandmineralresourcesandisboundtobecomeanimportantbaseforChina’,energyandrawmaterialsindustriesinthecentralregionarealreadyataconsiderablescaleandareboundtobe,themanufacturingindustryinthecentralregion,includingthehigh-techsegments,hasasolidbasisandisboundtobecomeanimportantterialBasesandforDevelopingManufacturingIndustry,ons,althoughthesituationisbetterthaninthewesternregionWecananalyzethisissuefromthefollowingthreeperspectives.(1)vidualsavingsabilitythantheircounterpartsintheeasternandnortheasternregions,,percapitapersonalsavingsinthecentralregionwas4,320yuan,farlowerthanthe10,583yuanintheeasternregionand8,,160yuaninthewesternregion.(2)nable,,,’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thetermsoftradeforChina’sindustrialandagriculturalpro,agriculturewillfinditmoreandmoredifficulttoaccumulatecapitalforindustrializationinthecentralregion.(3),thecentralasgoodasthatinthecoastalregionandbecauseregionalgovernmentsinthecentralregionhaveonlylimitedfiscalresourcesandfinditdifficonthanintheeasternregion,whilethatofhigh-qualifiedworkersislowerFromtheperspectiveofsupplyanddemand,thereisagreatersplefromthecentralregiontotheeasternregionaswellasinthefevelopedingeneralandcantrainupmoreunindforhigherwagesandbenefits,somethingwhichishighlyattractivenotonlytoChinesereturningfronanditswaterresourcesperunitareaoflandisthehighestinChinaInaclosedeconomy,land,mineralitiesimprove,theimportanceofmineralresourcesamon,giventhefactthatlandandwaterresourcesarehighlynon-tradable,theya,thecentralregionhasanadvantageouspositionwhencomparedwithotherthreemajorregionaleconomicblocs.金宝搏188足球官网

        金宝搏188足球官网YuBinZhangLiqunSincethebeginningofthisyear,theChineseeconomyhasmaintai,thegrowthofconsumerdemandhasbeensteady,thestructureofsupplyhasimproved,andth,thefollowingissuesconcerningeconomicoperationshouldreceivespecia’,theworldeconomicgrowthhasvisiblysloweddownd,makingtheec,,theimpactofclearlyincreaseduncertaintiesonChina’neweconomybubble,ersandinvestorsandboostedtherisk-avertingconsciousnessofthepeople,,itisstilldifficulttodeterminet,,invethrecovery,’,,thebadassetsoffinancial,’,msandtheirfoundationforrecoverywasnotsolid,’,,thew,,exportgrewonlyby7percentoverthesameperiodayearago,,,theproblemofglobaloverproduction,ernationalmarket,importandotherchannelsafterChina’,thesaggingworldeconomy,thesluggishstockmarketsandtheincreasedfinancialriskswilladversely,thewaragainstterrorismcouldaggravateregionalconflicts,increasetheuncertaintiesintheworldpoliticalandeconomicorder,andimpairChina’,weshouldalsoseethatthechangesintheinternationaleconomicenvironmenthavecreatedfavorableopportunitiesforChinatoattracttechno,overproductionandfiercercompetitionhavereducedthecostofChina’’sexcellentmomentumofeconomicdevelopmentanditsenormousmarketpotent,henergeticforeignenterprisesandimportingtechnologiesandequipmentforkeyareasandlinkswillbeofvitalimportancetoenhancingtheinternationalcompetitivenessoftheChineseindustries,narrowingtheirtechnologicalgapwithforeigncounterparts,meetingthech,therefore,Chinashouldworkoutstrategicplansfortheimport,thedigestionofmajortechnologiesandequipment,theestablishmentofjointventuresandthecooperationbytakingfulladvantageofthefavorableopportun,itshouldexpandim,whilethecontributiontoeconomicgrowthbyforeigndemandhasvisiblyweakened,theexpansi,thetotalamountoffixedassetinvestmentand,,,China’seconomicdeve,therearebothfacto,thefoundationisstillnotsolidforacontinuedexpansionofdomesticdemand....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

        ,someimportantdevelopmentshavetakenplaceinstructurala,theautomobileandthehousingindustrieswcommercialhousingremainedover20%.FromJanuarytoJulyin2001,,%,theproportionofsalesofcommercialhousingtoprivateownerstookup85%,whilethegrowthofdemandforprivatehousingbec,thegrowthintheincomesoftheautomobileindustryroseevenhigherto25%,whichwasonlynexttotha,theautomobilepartsmanufacturingsectorachievedanevenfasterincreaseandmaintainedagrowthrateofover40%,th,%;%%respectively,,thecomparativeadvantageofcerta,internationalmulti-nationalcorporati,thePhilipsElectronicGroupmoveditsentiremobilephonemanufacturingcapacitytothejointventureinShenzhen,sShanghaibaseto14millionnextyear,sChinamanu,angeexpressedtheintentiontomovethemanufacturingbaseselsewhere,while70%,thegrowthrateofthe,thesalesincomeofthecoalindustryhasgrownby15%,cceleratedgrowthofthehighenergy-consumingheavyindustryandrawmaterialsindustry,aswellasthefluctuatinginternationaloilprices,,suchastheconstructionindustry,themachineryindustry,thelightindustryandtheautomobileindustry,aswellastheincreaseininternationaldemandforsteel,,,,som,Zhejiang,Anhui,Shanghai,Hebei,Sichuan,rovinceandextendedthereformexperiencefromsmalltownshipstolargecities,eholdsandnon-agriculturalhouseholdsandadoptaprincipleofac,adoptedaregistrationsystembasedonresidentialareasand,themostimportantaretheemergingleadingroleofthehousingandtheautomobileindustries,thetransferoftheinternationa,China’sexportgrowthdecreasedasaresultoftheslow-downofinternationaleconomicgrowth,’,,therefore,,expansionofdomesticdemandshouldbecon,,China’seconomystillremainsinthedual-structuralstagewithsignificantdif,expandtheoveralleconomicscaleandpromotethetransferoffarmerstonon-agriculturalsectorstoraisetheirincomes,andthencreatemarketsforalargenum,theslowgrowthoffarmers’non-agriculturalsectorsandcities,whichiscausedbytheconstr,thepriorityinupgradingtheconsumption,theleadingrolesofthehousingandautomobileindustrieshavejustemergedthereon....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChenQingtaiWiththefurtherdeepeningofeconomicdevelopmentandopening-up,thedevelopmentandchangesinthepolitical,e,China’senergyreformanddevelopment,especiallytheissuesofChina’ssustainableenergysupplyanditspossibleinfluencesonworldenergysituation,haveremainedcontroversialissuesthroughouttheworld,,theyseemedtobecomethemajorsupportingevidencesof"ChinaThreat".Awidely-heldviewis:theissueofenergysupplywillbecomeaninsurmountablebarrierinChina’seffortstodevelopitseconomyfurtherandimprovethelivingstandardsoftheChinesepeople,andChina’,theenergyreformanddevelopmenthavearousedmoreandmoreconcernath’senergysituationlikeHowseriousisitWhatkindofstrategyandmeasuresshouldChinataketoensurethesustainableeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandtheoverallrealizationofacomparativelywell-offsocietyinChinaAllthesequestionshavebecomesoimperativethatitisnece’sEnergyIssueintheFirstTwoDecadesofThisCenturyInthepasttwodecades,significantachievementshavebeenmadeinChina’ects:,%whilethe%,,theenergyconsumptionperunitofGDPhasbeendecreasingandontheotherhand,theenergyconsumptionperunitofproductofthemajorhigh-energyconsumptionsectorshasbeensignificantlydecreasingandthegapbetweenthelevelofenergyconsumptionofmajorenergy-consumptionproductvelopmentofChina’hina’seconomicandsocietaldevelopment,andatthesametime,itisaperiodinwhitforwardinthe16thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,China’(PPP),China’spercapitaGDPwillsucceed$10,,,thelevelofurbanization,thecitizen’,mostdevelopedcountriesalsounderwentaprocessinwhichpercapitaenergyconsumptiongrewrapidlyandtheenergymixchangedinarapidpace,,theuniquesituationofChina,andtheinternationalbackgroundcharacterizedbyeconomicglobalizationandincreasinglypopularenvironmentalprotectionmovementwillmakeChina’ssituati’sconstructingacomparativelywell-offsociety,howmuchenergyisneededtosupporttheeconomicandsocietaldevelopmentgoal,andwhichkindofchallengesandpressuresChinawillfacewilldependbothontheobjectivelawofeconomicandsocietaldevelopmentandwhichkindofeconomy,energy,"China’sComprehensiveEnergyStrategyandPolicy"hasmadesomeforecastsaboutChina’:,China’senergydemandinth,China’,nomicgrowthbymanagingacomparativelysmallenergyinvestment,anditispossibleforChinatoimprovethelivingstandardofitspeoplewiththepercapita,ifdifferentpolicesandmeasuresweretaken,therewouldbedifferencesbetweentheenergymixandenergyefficie,ifadifferentenergydevelopmentstrategywereadopted,theeconomicdevelopmenttargetcouldbemetbutitwouldhaveatotallydifferentimpactonenergysupply,’slivingstandardsandupgradingoftheconsumption,theenergydemandmixwillgreatlychange,especiallyinthetransportationsectorandconstructionsectorandthegrowthrateofenergydemandwillewlyexpandedenergyconsumptioninthesameyearwillincreaseto57-75%in2020fromthepresentnumberof35%,,weshouldattachgreatimportancetotheenergysupplyandenergyefficiencyimprovementoftheseenergyintensivesectorswhoseenergyconsumptionwillincreaserapidly,,ourconclusionisthatitisdefinitelytruethatChina’,inordertorealizethegoalofquadruplingChina’seconomyby2020,dthegreatpotentialofthesysteminnovationandtechnologicalinnovationinChina’senergyfield,andaseriesofpoliciesonthepartofChinesegovernmentwhichaimsatpromotingthesustainabledevelopmentofenergy,wecangettheconclusionthatitispossibleforChinatorealizetntstrate’sEnergyStrategyintheFirstTwoDecadesofThisCenturyInordertorealizethegoalofanall-sidedcomparativelywell-offsocietyanddealwiththeseriouschallengesofthelong-termenergydevelopment,theWestand,accordingtothespecificsituationinChina,establishamid-andlong-termsustainableenergystrategywithChinesecharacteristicswy,China’senergystrategywillrea:(1)Theobjectiveofenergysupplyshouldchangefromsimplymeetingthebasicrequirementsofeconomicdevelopmenttoattachingmoreimportancetotheenvironmentresultsonthebasisofmeetingtherequirements,thusrealizingthecoordinateddevelopmentofeconomy,societyandenvironment.(2)Thedevelopmentmodelofenergyenterpriseswillchangefromgovernmentplanandadministrativecontroltoamarket-basedmechanismundertheguidanceofthegovernment.(3)China’senergydevelopment,againstthebackgroundofeconomicglobalizationandChina’sWTOentry,shouldchangefromthe"self-balance"modeldependantondomesticresourcestoaninternationalstrategymodelwhichmakesfulluseofdomesticandoverseasresourcesanddomesticandinternationalmarkets.金宝搏188足球官网

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        WangMengkuiWhileChinahasmanyfavorableconditionsforsustainedrapideconomicgrowth,,breaking:Ontheonehand,China’spercapitapossessionofresourcesisrelativelylowandthecountryispreciselyindustrializationandurbanization,withthefastgrowthofurbanandrural,theextensivemodeofgrowth,theirrationalstructureoftheeconomy,thegrowingintensityofresourceconsumptionandtheseriouswastesinvariousareasofsoes,theenergyconsumptionforper10,,200KWsto5,,theenergyconsumptionforunitaddedvalueattheinternationalpurchasingpowerparityfell68percent,,,China’,thisprogressismadeonthebasenumbersofextremelyhighresourceconsumptioncharacterizedwiththecountry’,Chinastillhasalongwaytogoincatchingupwiththeworld’’saveragelevelsofunitenergyconsumptionintheeightsectors,includingironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,powergenerationandthechemicalindustry,,,theintensityofresourceconsumptionhasbeenontherise,,resourcessuchasfarmland,freshwater,ene,wewouldfindithardtocarryonevennow,resourceconsumpt,,iti,resourceconservationsh,,whileweseemanyencouragingdevelopments,onservation,becausethetasksaheadareformidableandrequireeffortsinmanyareas:--,,reutilizationandresourceconservation,greateffortsshouldbemadetodevelopacirculatingeconomyandtointensifytheintegrateduseofresourcesandtherecyclingandutilizationofrenewableresourcessothatland,water,energyandmineralresourcescanbeutilizedfullyandefficiently.--,turningthepopulationpressureintoahumanresourceadvantagecannotbere,itisimperativetovigorouslydevelophighandnewtechnologiesthatcanplaymajorcatalyticrolesinsocialandeconomicdevelopment,andtoproperlyhandletherelationshipbetweencapital-andtechn,heavyenvironmentalpollutionandoutdatedtechnologiesshouldbeeliminatedthroughmandatoryprocedures.--Removethedeep-roo,coupledwithalandpolicyofloworzeroprices,,materialconsumptionandenvironmentalprotectionandthefaultyperformanceevaluationmethodsareals,providingsystemandpolicyguaranteesforresourceconservationshouldbecomeamajorthrustofthereformsinthenextphase.--,conservationshouldbeaddedtothecontentsofthelawsonlandmanagement,water,construction,power,,theysetceilingsonone-timewaterusefortoiletflushesandmandate,however,therehavebeennomandatoryrestrictions,exceptgeneralcaethesecars"donotlooknice",theseregionsareencouragingwastefuluseofgasolinethroughadministrativefiat.--Nurt,,anundesirablesocialtrend,namelyamodeofextravagantorevenflauntyconsumption,isfastdevelopingtodayasaresuhreatensthecountry’rchildhoodthatcherishingresourcesisavirtueandtoletresou,governments,enterprisesandcitizensallhavearesponsibility.--Exp,policiesandmanagementexperienceonresourceconservation,introduceresource-effectiveequipment,technologiesandprocesses,andencourageforeignbusinessestoinvestintheserelatedareas.金宝搏188足球官网XiaBin,,ionMustFurtherUnifytheRegulatoryPoliciesInlightoftheinadequateanddiversesupervisionsysteminChina’strustassetmanagementmarket,aswellastheseriousemergingproblemsandpotentialrisks,theauthorcalledinearly2001fortheconstructionofaunifiedassetmanagementsystem,oratrustassetmanagementsysteminChinaassoonaspossible(seeEconomicMagazine,May2001).Now,twoyearslater,theproblemsnotonlystillexist,butalsobecomemoreserious,withendlessmarketdisputes,continuousemergenceo(CBRC)stoppedthetrustlendingbusinessofMinshengBankinMarch2003,followedbythecalloftheSecuritiesRegulatoryCommission(CSRC)tostopassetmanageme,theauthorfurthercalledto"endthechaoticsituationofdiversepoliciesontrustassetmanagement",reportedhisthoughtstorelevantdepartmentleaders,andmadehisvoiceinnewspaper(seeFinancialEconomicTimes,24Many2003).Hecriticizedthelackofcoordinationandprudenceofthesupervisionsystemofrelevantregulatoryagencies,,withthelapseofanotheryear,whataretheinstitutionalchoicefortrustassetmanagementbusinessofbanks,securitiesinstitutionsandtrustcompanies,orotherwisenamedas"clientassetmanagementbusiness"or"collectiveassetmanagementbusiness"Therehasbeennonewdevelopm,,thecontentsoftheoriginalsystemstillconflictsignificantlywiththestipu,insomepartsofChina,banksarestillengagedsecretlyintrustlendingbusiness,eith,theCSRCannouncedthenullificationofthedocumentsontrustinvestmentmanagementformulatedrespectivelyin2001andthemiddleof2003,andirtrustfundmanagementoftrustcompanies,suchasthe"onetomultiple"trustassetmanagement,non-guaranteedminimumreturns,minimumrequirementsfortrustfunds,,theyhaveindeeddrawnfrompastlessons,andareconducivetothestandardizationoftrustassetmanagementbu,itisstillnecessaryforustothinkcarefully,orfortherelevantregulatoryagenciestoansweraftercoordination,thatwhyaclientusesthesametrustfundmanagementserviceseparatelyinbothasecuritiescompanyandatrustcompany,andwhydiffer,theCBRCstipulatesthattheminimumrequirementfortrustfundofasingleclientisRMB50,000,whiletheCSRCstipulatesthattheminimumrequirementfortrustfundofasingleclientinrestrictivecollectiveassetmanagementisRMB50,000,andfornon-restrictiveaggregateassetmanagementisRMB100,xceed200persons,or200contracts,whiletheCSRCubmittedtotheregulatoryagencyforrecordonly;whiletheCSRCstipulatesthattherestrictivecollectiveassetmanagementschemesmustgothroughcomplianceexamination,andnon-restrictiveaggregateassetmanagementschememustgothroughcomprehensiveexamination(relevantrulesstipulatethattherearethreekindsofapprovalsoftheadministrativedepartments–examination,certificationandputtingonrecord).TheCBRChasnoclearstipulationonifthetrustfundsofclientsmustbeturnedtotrustmanagementofathirdparty;whiletheCSRCstipulatesthattrustfundsofclientsmustbeturnedtotrustmanagementofatrustassetmanagementinstitution,etmanagementschemesoftheirowncompanieswiththeirownfunds;,trustinvestmentcompaniesstillhavedifficultytoopentheiraccountsforsuchschemessofarinstockexchanges(ItissaidthattheymaybeabletodoitafterOctober1).TheCSRChasnorestrictionongeographicareasofcollectiveassetmanagementoperationofsecuritiescompanies,whiletheCBRCclearlyrestrictsoraclientwhotrusthisfundstothehandsofbothatrustcompanyandasecuritiescompanyforthesametypeofsecuritiestransaction,suchasstocktransactionAsgovernmentregulatoryagencies,whatdotheCBRCandtheCSRCregardastherightsandinterestofthesameconsumptionactsofthesamefinancialconsumer,andwhatisthelegalbasisoftheirregulationactsIsitnecessarytounifyandcoordinateinter-agencypoliciesandgivefinancialconsumerstherighttogetinformationInfact,someunduefinancialrisksemergedexactlybecauseofthelong-termconflictsbetweendiverseregulatorypolicies.

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